The Measurement Of Observer Agreement For Categorical Data. Biometrics

Landis, J., &Koch, G. (1977). The measurement of observer compliance for categorical data. Biometrics, 33, 159-174. KEYWORDS: individualism; collectivism; culture; CHINESE STUDENTS AUTHORS: Huang Renzhi, Yao Shuqiao, John R. Z. Abela, Fallyn Leibovitch, Liu Mingfan ABSTRACT: A Chinese version of the Individualist Collectivism Scale (ICS) for the evaluation of cultural dimensions has been developed and its psychometric properties have been evaluated. Prior to its administration, the English version of the ICS was translated and returned to 1760 participants in 5 age groups. The results showed that the ICS-C had a moderate to high internal consistency with Cronbach alpha coefficients between 0.64 and 0.83. The ICS-C also showed high test reliability with CICs of 0.45 to 0.80. Analyses of confirmatory factors showed that the four-factor model best matched sex and age data, thus supporting the multidimensional perspective of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. In addition, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed a significant major effect of age and sex. A gradual increase in the subjective perception of society`s emphasis on cultural dimensions in five age groups, with the exception of the 14-15 and 16-17 age groups in vertical individualism.

Regarding the gender effect, female students showed a higher perception of vertical collectivism than male students (p JOURNAL NAME: Chinese Studies, vol.2 no.1, February 27, 2013 TITLE: Key Dimensions and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Individualism Collectivism Scale. . . .