Keywords: Asia-Pacific region, coordination, single health, tripartite, zoonoses [MUSIC] FAO, OIE and WHO have been collaborating for more than 20 years. We have a bilateral cooperation agreement between FAO and WHO. We also have bilateral agreements between FAO and OIE and between OIE and WHO. These agreements form the basis of our cooperation. Every year in February, municipal officials from these three organizations meet. In February 2016, we had the 22nd Annual Meeting of Officers. These three organizations have several modalities of cooperation. In addition to the annual meetings of the Board of Directors between three organizations. We have regular monthly conference calls between these three organizations to discuss the most current topics.
Cooperation takes place not only at the central level, but also at the level of regions and national offices. In addition, there are several different schemes. I will give you an example of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, a joint faO-WHO standard activity for food standards. That is, food safety standards. This is a joint activity of FAO WHO, but the OIE participates in and contributes to the work of Codex as an observer. Another example is the global framework for the progressive control of transboundary animal diseases, abbreviated as GF-TADs. It is an initiative of the OIE and FAO, launched in 2004. And WHO participates as an observer in global and regional meetings. There are several areas of common interest for these three organizations.
But above all, zoonotic disease control is the area in which three organizations first work together. Zoonoses are diseases that infect both humans and animals. While FAO and OIE have the primary mandate to combat animal diseases, WHO`s core mandate is to protect public health. Zoonoses are diseases caused by pathogens that infect both humans and animals. Diseases like rabies or Rift Valley fever cause serious illness and even death of animals and humans. There are other diseases like flu 8, 7 and 9. Or MERS-CoV viral diseases that do not cause major disease in animals. But cause disease and death in humans. Cooperation between the animal health sector and the human health sector is essential to combat these diseases. As I have already said, zoonosis is the central element of cooperation between the three organizations. But cooperation has recently shifted to other areas, such as food security. Indeed, the OIE plays an important role in ensuring that feed from animals is safe.
Another area in which cooperation has intensified in recent years is antimicrobial resistance. In 2015, the three organizations adopted historic resolutions at the highest level to combat antimicrobial resistance. . . .